Mekong Delta

The Mekong Delta is one of the largest and most fertile deltas in Asia, and indeed in the world. It covers 4 million hectares across 13 Vietnam provinces and currently supports a population of about 18 million people.
The delta is of great economic importance for Vietnam and is the country’s most productive agricultural and aquaculture area. Covering only 12% of the area of the country, it contributes around 30% of national GDP yearly. In 2010, 500 million tons of fruits, 22 million tons of rice, 1.2 million tons of Pangasius and 400.000 tons of shrimp were produced in the Delta, contributing close to USD 5 billion in export earnings.

The productivity and economic contribution of the Mekong Delta depend very much on its natural ecosystems. The delta is home to a highly diverse fauna including mammals, birds, fish, reptiles and amphibians – and in a range of habitats including rivers, coastal mudflats and mangroves, seasonally flooded grassland and Melaleuca forest, open swamps and agricultural land.

Many of the Delta’s wildlife species are listed in the IUCN red list, including the Mekong Giant Catfish, Giant Carp, Sarus Crane, Asian Dowitcher, China Egret, Painted Stork and Hairy-nosed Otter.

Current activities include:
  • Promotion of sustainable aquaculture and fisheries through Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) and Aquaculture Stewardship Council (ASC) certification;
  • Restoration of natural wetland habitats and promotion of more Ramsar sites;
  • Reduction of climate change impacts through ecosystem based adaptation;
  • Enhancing policy advocacy and stakeholder participation in decision making processes through Forums and Dialogues.