Climate & Energy | WWF

Climate & Energy

Create a climate-resilient and zero-carbon world, powered by renewable energy

© Eugene Suslo

Climate change poses a fundamental threat to the places, species and communities WWF works to protect. Around the globe, climate change is already seriously affecting human communities, while wildlife and ecosystems are being forever changed. The far-reaching effects of climate change are evident: oceans are becoming more acidic, water supplies are shrinking, agricultural yields are dropping, and forests are burning. But, there is still time to avoid the most severe consequences of climate change, by moving away from fossil fuels to a low carbon economy powered by renewable energy. WWF’s Global Goal: A global shift towards a low carbon and climate resilient future is achieved.    

Why it matters

Vietnam is one of the countries predicted to be most affected by climate change. Mekong delta, a WWF-Vietnam priority landscape, is one of the 3 most vulnerable deltas to climate change on earth. This is linked to its large populations living in low-lying and coastal areas and a heavy dependence on its ecosystems and natural resources. Climate change is an ‘amplifier’ of Vietnam’s current environmental threats such as habitat loss, poorly planned infrastructure, and unsustainable natural resource extraction. Likewise, warmer temperatures, changing rainfall patterns, and other manifestations of climate change directly stress ecosystems, rendering them prone to other human pressures including invasive species, fire, and changes in the distribution, and quality of water. By 2050, flooding, drought, storms will put more than 25M lives at risk.

© Hoang Viet / WWF-Vietnam

What is WWF-Vietnam doing

To support the fast growing energy consumption in the country, the government planned to increase the share of coal sourced energy from 25% (2015) to 50% (2050). Vietnam is endowed with a relatively large amount of renewable energy resources distributed throughout the country, mainly from biomass, small hydro-, solar and wind. While there has been some success, deployment of renewable energy has not reached the country’s potential yet. Since energy demand is expected to increase four times over from 2005-2030 and electricity demand increased nine times from 2005-2025, developing renewable capacity whilst ensuring it comes from sources that have no major adverse environmental side effects (such as those seen at the Don Sahong dam project), will help Vietnam to ensure energy security and protect biodiversity.

© Thanh The VInh / WWF-Vietnam

WWF is developing an integrated national energy strategy that includes a shift towards energy efficiency and use of renewable energy sources. We are piloting and applying sustainable energy models that can reduce impacts on the priority landscapes, at community and corporate level.

WWF is working with the Government of Vietnam so that they fully understand the potential impact of unsustainable hydropower, with the aim that they agree to move towards a clean and renewable, sustainable power sector.

We are supporting the Government to ensure climate change impacts and issues are effectively factored into policy and development planning at local and national levels.

We are ensuring the Government of Vietnam has full ownership and participation in WWF initiatives on Earth Hour and City Challenges and uses them as the platform for awareness raising and calling for public action.

In this context, key strategic targets have been identified:

  • Policies & frameworks: the national energy master plan and national power development plan are developed, endorsed and implemented to include a significant shift towards energy efficiency and use of renewable energy sources,

  • Corporate showcase: at least 15 corporates develop and implement sustainable energy solutions to reduce their environmental footprint;

  • Sustainable energy models applied by communities and traditional craft households to reduce impacts on the priority landscapes,

  • Policies & frameworks: environmental based adaptation to climate change is factored into policy and development planning at local and national levels.

  • Robust green growth: The Vietnam National Green Growth Strategy and Action Plan (2021-2030) is developed in accordance with green economy best practice, and is supported by effective national, natural capital analysis and accounting systems.

Earth Hour

Started in 2007 as a lights-off event in Sydney to raise awareness of climate change, Earth Hour has become a global conservation movement that achieved many remarkable results. The changes are created by the collective strength of all participants.

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One Planet City Challenge

Earth Hour is a global environmental campaign parented by WWF that was initiated in Sydney in 2007 to raise awareness of people from all around the world of climate change. Vietnam first joined the global Earth Hour campaign in 2009 with 6 cities participating, including Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hue, Hoi An, Nha Trang and Can Tho, engaging thousands of individuals, organisations and institutions. Under the frame of the City Challenge, WWF creates a digital platform - We Love Cities - that allows people across the world to express support for sustainable urban development by voting on the selected Green cities and posting improvement suggestions for these cities. In 2015, Balikpapan (Indonesia) becomes the Most Lovely Sustainable City.

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Climate Resilience

Since 2007, WWF-Vietnam has carried out many studies assessing the impacts caused by climate change on socio-economic and natural ecosystems in some provinces in the Mekong Delta. Ben Tre was selected to be the demonstration of a new adaptation approach: "Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EBA) to climate change.”

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