Vietnam is forecasted to be one of five countries affected seriously by climate change and the Mekong Delta is one of three deltas suffering the worst in the world. According to Department of Hydrometeorology and Climate Change Vietnam, in the last decade, Vietnam’s average temperature increased nearly 0.1 degree Celsius and the sea level rose from 2.5 to 3 cm per year. The Human Development Report of UNDP in 2008 showed that if the earth temperature rises 2 degree Celsius, about 22 million Vietnamese people will become homeless, 45% agricultural land will be lost because of the rising sea level.
Program Coordinator, Freshwater and CC
Tel: 84 4 37193049
Fax: 84 4 37193048
Climate change means a change of climate which is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere and which is in addition to natural climate variability observed over a determined period, which often last a decade.
WWF’s activities about climate change:
Since 2007, WWF-Vietnam has carried out many studies assessing the impacts caused by climate change on socio-economic and natural ecosystems in some provinces in the Mekong Delta. Ben Tre was selected to be the demonstration of a new adaptation approach: "Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EBA) to climate change.” This program included a wide range of solutions from the local, such as restoration of coastal mangrove forests, agriculture, fishery adaptation, improving management and rational use of freshwater, as well as from the governance such as adjustment of planning to use the coastal areas, to integrate climate change and climate change adaptation to the sectors’ plan and zoning.
Moreover, WWF-Vietnam also cooperates with ministries and departments to study and develop a green industry. These researches aims to focus on finding, analysing and comparing alternative energy resources which are more environmental friendly, including: solar power, geothermic, wind power and bioenergy (straw, rice husk, bagasse, sawdust and waste…)
Besides, WWF is conducting initiatives which aims to enhance awareness, environmental friendly behaviors, reduce emission, waste through global campaigns, such as Earth Hour, Green Office and Climate Saver.
From the research findings and lesson learnt from pilot models in Ben Tre and Ca Mau province, WWF has cooperated with the relevant agencies in Vietnam such as: Institute of Strategy and Policy on Natural Resources and Environment, Biodiversity Conservation Agency to develop several technical guidelines on providing solutions with EBA approach to climate change; integrating EBA approach to climate change to the biodiversity conservation and development nationally.