Oceans | WWF
© WWF / James Morgan


With a long coastline of over 3,000 km and 12 nautical miles in territorial waters, Viet Nam situates in a high biodiversity center of tropical oceans, possessing significant fisheries resources and marine ecosystems: mangroves, coral reefs and seagrass beds. Yet as Viet Nam has only developed a part of its potential marine economy, there has already been serious resources degradation and ocean pollution.

Trusted by the government and stakeholders to tackle these marine conservation issues, WWF-Viet Nam is focusing on two areas of Areas of Collective Actions and Innovations (ACAIs) to protect the coastal and marine ecosystems, endangered and critical species and human health:

  • Increasing number of fisheries in the transition or improvement to achieve the sustainable fisheries goals, especially those fisheries relating to important marine ecosystem and bycatch species;
  • Preventing the ocean from the pollution, focus on the marine plastic waste pollution.
© naturepl.com / Jordi Chias / WWF

We are currently deploying Fisheries Improvement Project (FIP) to combat overfishing and ensure the sustainability of two species: tuna and blue swimming crab (in Kien Giang). The FIPs involve conducting assessments for stock, bycatch, ecosystem risks etc.; advocating for better law enforcement and policy compliance; implementing co-management model with local fishing communities.

To minimize plastic waste leakage into the ocean, we are implementing a Plastic Smart Cities model that engages cross-sector stakeholders:

  • Governments commit their cities to be plastic pollution-free, issuing and enforcing new policies on single-use plastic products;
  • Businesses reduce plastic items in daily operation, create and run a corporate platform to share best practices;
  • Schools implement educational programs for students for behavior change;
  • Local communities implement waste separation and collection systems.
© Elizabeth Kemf / WWF


From the 1950s, there has been 8.3 billion tons of plastics produced, resulting in 6.3 billion tons of plastic waste.

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With a total export value of nearly USD 370 million, Viet Nam’s yellowfin tuna fisheries is an important player in the rising global demand for tuna.

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© Martin Harvey / WWF